Vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients are needed to build and keep strong bones and joints, working together in a complex array of ways to meet the needs of pets during its growth, development, and aging.
Vitamin D promotes the mineralisation of the newly formed osteoid, the organic portion of the bone matrix that is formed before bone tissue maturation. It also contributes to the formation of cartilage, which is the tissue present in the joints between the bones.
In addition, vitamin D has a positive effect on the muscle function and strength at the beginning of proteins synthesis in the muscles. Vitamin D also helps maintain blood calcium levels, which is needed for muscles to function normally.
Vitamin K activates a protein that binds calcium to the bone structure. Some clinical studies show a reduction in fractures, an increase in bone mineral density, or signs of an increase in bone formation after administration of vitamin K.
To support the health of joints, vitamins C and B6 are needed to form collagen as well as to help reduce the loss of bone mass. Vitamin E is an important antioxidant which is found in the joints’ synovial fluid. Some studies suggest that vitamin E may be useful to reduce joint discomfort.
Calcium is the key mineral in the bone, but needs vitamin D to be absorbed by the body and incorporated into the bone.
Magnesium, zinc, and phosphorus are essential for building healthy bones. Approximately half of all the bone mineral is formed by phosphorus, which forms a complex with calcium in the bone matrix.
Omega-3 fatty acids, especially DHA and EPA, which are found in fatty fish and algae, have anti-inflammatory properties. Studies have shown that they contribute to the reduction of joint pain in dogs. There is also evidence that omega-3 fatty acids may have bone preservative properties. Oxidative stress may reduce the activity of the cells responsible for bone formation, and Omega-3 fatty acids can block the effects of this oxidative stress and increase bone formation.
L-carnitine contributes to turning fat into energy to help pets avoid excessive weight gain which represents greater stress on bones and joints. L-carnitine facilitates transport of fatty acids across the inner mitochondrial membrane and then converts fat into energy. Insufficient amounts of L-carnitine in the body can manifest as excessive fat deposits and alteration in muscle tone.
Glucosamine and Chondroitin Sulphate
Both components are natural bonding materials of the body. Glucosamine provides the basic components to synthesise new cartilage and chondroitin sulphate blocks the destructive enzymes that break down the cartilage of the joint. Both components work together to build and preserve the tissue of the joints.
MSM or Methylsulfonylmethane
MSM is a natural compound that contains sulphur produced by some algae. Sulphur is stored in almost every cell in the body, being found in the joints, hair, skin, and nails in higher concentrations.
As metabolism makes use of it to repair and create new cells, it is very important for animals’ bone structure such as cartilages, joints, tendons, connective tissue, bone, muscle, and skin.
In addition, it features powerful anti-inflammatory and pain-reducing properties, blocking certain nerve fibres perception of pain before the impulse reaches the brain.
|Nutrient/ Ingredient||Main function in mobility|
|Vitamin C||Antioxidant; involved in the formation of cartilage|
|Vitamin E||Antioxidant; contributes to the metabolism of the joints|
|Vitamin D3||Needed for bones mineralisation|
|Vitamin B6||Involved in the formation of cartilage|
|Calcium||Main component of the bone matrix|
|Magnesium||Constituent of bone matrix; maintains calcium homeostasis|
|Zinc||Constituent of bone matrix|
|Phosphorus||Main component of the bone matrix|
|EPA & DHA omega-3||Decreases inflammation and pain response; preserving bones|
|L-Carnitine||Converts fat into energy|
|Glucosamine||Involved in the formation of cartilage|
|Chondroitin sulphate||Blocks the destructive enzymes that break down the cartilage|