Taurine is an amino acid that improves dogs’ cardiac function to prevent the production of mitochondrial oxidative agents and help cells retain and manage the potassium necessary for the heart’s tissues. In addition to playing an important role in heart health, it is also involved in the control of the neurotransmitters release in the brain, helping to prevent epileptic seizures. Thus, adding taurine to your pets’ diet can have wonderful benefits to their health.
One of the main causes of its deficiency is the increase in the size of the animal’s heart (cardiomyopathy) which consists in the dilation of the heart chambers and the thinning of the myocardium, ending in a congestive heart failure. The hearts on sick dogs is unable to pump blood properly, which affects oxygenation of all the tissues and organs of the body, mainly damaging the lungs and kidneys.
The most likely dogs to suffer from this disease are those of large and giant breeds, although some medium breed dogs have a tendency to cardiomyopathy. The breeds that have more risk are: Old English Sheepdog, Boxer, American Cocker Spaniel, English Cocker Spaniel, Dalmatian, Doberman, Golden Retriever, Great Dane, Afghan Hound, Scottish Deerhound, Irish Wolfhound, Portuguese Water Dog, St. Bernard, Schnauzer, Springer Spaniel and Newfoundland.