It is commonly believed that dogs do not feel cold, a not entirely correct statement since we have to take into account factors such as fur, age and the health status of the animal.
Which dogs adapt best to low temperatures?
The dogs most prepared to withstand the cold are those that have a double layer of hair or a dense coat, so that it is more difficult for water or snow to reach the skin.
Among the breeds that best face the cold we can highlight the following:
- Alaskan Malamute
- Anatolian Shepherd
- Bernese Mountain Dog
- Chow Chow
- Saint Bernard
- Tibetan Mastiff
- Mastiff of the Pyrenees
- Anatolian Shepherd
On the opposite side we find breeds with less ability to adapt to low temperatures. These breeds are characterized by being dogs with little fur and little fat, a condition that gets worse when dealing with a puppy or a senior dog. Among these most delicate breeds are:
- Yorkshire Terrier
- Rat Terrier
- Chinese Crested
- Andalusian buzzard
- Prague ratter
- Norfolk Terrier
- Ibizan hound
Together with the previous breeds, other dogs that are in greater danger at this time of the year are dogs that suffer joint diseases such as arthritis. In this case in addition to protecting your dog with warm clothes you should include in its diet chondroprotectors to avoid pain.
What precautions should we take to face low temperatures?
Just as we take certain measures to face the coldest months, we must also make sure that our dog is ready:
- Avoid walks in the early morning, replacing them for walks in the less colder hours between midday and five PM.
- Opt for shorter walks to minimize continued exposures. If your dog is very active you can increase the frequency of walks in order to compensate it, but if your dog is sensitive to the cold due to age, illness or breed type, take outdoors only to relieve itself.
- Be careful with sudden changes in temperature when going outside.
- Make sure your house has a comfortable temperature (even while you are outside).
- Do not cut its hair during the colder months.
- Use coats and warm jackets whenever your dog tolerates them.
- Pay attention to its ears, tail and limbs. To face low temperatures, warm blood goes to the thorax and abdomen to protect the vital organs, while the parts mentioned above are cold.
- Assess the dangerousness of the ambient temperature. You can help you from this table created by Dr. Smyth: